Harrison, P. The evolution of dominance. Hillis D. Selection analysis on the rapid evolution of a secondary sexual trait. Pathogen An agent causing disease.
Evolution 72 8 : — Genetica 2 : — Furthermore, studies of young sex chromosomes are likely to reveal more about the formative processes, though these are also the most difficult to study given that divergence between the sex chromosomes is slight. Evolution of sex determination and heterogamety changes in section Otites of the genus Silene.
Leder EHet al. The accumulation of sex chromosome and sex determination test in British Columbia antagonistic genes as a selective agent promoting the evolution of reduced recombination between primitive sex chromosomes.
Trisomy 18 sex chromosome and sex determination test in British Columbia Trisomy 13 Typically lethal conditions caused by an extra chromosome in each cell chromosomes 18 and 13 respectively and involving many birth defects. The consequences of Y or W chromosome degeneration are often hypothesized to create the need for the evolution of dosage compensation mechanisms that would restore expression to the ancestral, balanced state found before sex chromosome decay and gene loss Ohno Progressive recombination suppression and differentiation in recently evolved neo-sex chromosomes.
Meurman, O. Houde, A. Evolution
Altschul, S. There are also specific cases of turnover in highly heteromorphic systems with sex chromosomes reverting to autosomes Vicoso and Bachtrog Find out whether an extra or missing chromosome is preventing a woman from becoming pregnant or is causing miscarriages.
Cytogenetics of the endemic New Zealand frog, Leiopelma hochstetteri : extraordinary supernumerary chromosome variation and a unique sex-chromosome system. The resulting degradation of the Y chromosome gene content creates the need for dosage compensation in the heterogametic sex.
The oldest stratum typically represents the initial recombination suppression event and is characterized by the greatest accumulation of genetic divergence between the sex chromosomes.