Soc Sci Med 50 : Sex-typed scores, masculine and feminine, are the result of scoring above the median in one gender and below the median in the other. This is in keeping with the fluid and contextual nature of gender, itself. Figure 2.
To establish a priori criteria, if the differences between loading on two or more factors were smaller than 0. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Woodhill BM, Samuels CA Positive and negative androgyny and their relationship with psychological health and wellness.
Sandra Bem categorized instrumental traits including: bem sex role inventory undifferentiated connective tissue in North Carolina the lead, being aggressive, competitive, dominant, self-reliant, and athletic as masculine; while feminine role characteristics were considered expressive and included compassion, affection, sympathy, warmth, and being yielding.
However, after the change in scoring technique, androgynous is the result of scoring above the median in both masculine and feminine categories. Despite variations in socio-demographic factors within the groupings by sex, differences across sexes were not significant Table 2.
Stereotypical masculine and feminine traits were found by surveying Stanford undergraduate students on which traits they found to be socially desirable for each sex. Fernandez and Coello [ 16 ] used the BSRI more recently, with students ranging in age from 12 to 15 years.
An androgynous score is the result of extremely masculine and feminine scores and an undifferentiated score is the result of extremely low masculine and feminine scores. Bem reports coefficient alphas of. To establish a priori criteria, if the differences between loading on two or more factors were smaller than 0.
Conclusions Although the BSRI appears to be a valid indicator of gender among elderly Brazilians, the gender role status identified with the BSRI was not correlated with being male or female.